It’s easy to understand why contracts for difference (CFDs) are one of the fastest-growing trading instruments in the world. Contracts for Difference (also called swaps or waves) go well with most trading tactics and can harmonize your on hand trading plan. As you go through this handbook, you’ll find out that CFDs can offer active traders important benefits when compared to other trading instruments.
Contract for difference (CFD) may be defined as an agreement entered into by an authorised, regulated dealer and a trader so as to swap the difference that exists between the opening price and the closing price of a specific financial instrument. The dealers as well as the trader speculate on a financial instrument, like equity share, currency pair, stock index, or other trading instrument, on whether the price will rise or will it fall. As opposed to classic trading instruments, neither the trader nor the dealers own the financial instrument. The trader and the buyer will only own the speculation contract. Therefore, traders can sidestep the common duties and restrictions linked to most financial products.
This level of ownership, and the elasticity that comes with it, is the rationale why financial firms began presenting CFDs in the early part of the 80s. Initially CFDs were only offered to large companies, but by the early part of the 90s, they became well liked with hedge-fund dealers who wanted to benefit from the fluctuations of the market. By the decade’s end, CFDs became available in the U.K. Over the past few years, CFDs have grown in popularity, not just in the U.K. but also in Australia, Hong Kong, Singapore, New Zealand, South Africa, and other countries across Europe.
What makes CFDs so trendy? Apart from being extensively accessible and free of many of the usual limitations linked with most financial instruments, CFDs also have an assortment of benefits that appeal to dealers.
Trade More with Less: CFDs provide a degree of influence that presents traders the chance to take a position in the stock market with a part of the price.
Find Profit Potential in Rising or Falling Markets: With CFDs, dealers may look for profit by either buying (i.e going long) or by selling (i.e going short). In this way, dealers may make a profit from both rising and falling markets and also from short-term intraday fluctuations.
Trade Financial Products in a Wide Range of Markets: When a specific financial product is hot, dealers seek a piece of the action. Traders can utilize CFDs derived from the most recent financial products in order to make profit from the market movements. Buy and sell CFDs in FTSE 100, gold, EUR/USD, and others all at the same time and also on just one trading stage.
Manage Risk through Diversification: Since there are many financial instruments to trade, many dealers use CFDs to help branch out their portfolios, choosing an extensive variety of markets to help minimize their threat exposure, across various asset classes.
Execute Immediate Trades at Almost Any Time: Traders can right away execute CFD trades in more than 2,900 different global stock markets, 24 hours a day, 5.5 days every week, with negligible time outages.
Making your first CFD trade
Let’s take an in-depth look as to how CFDs work. For example, you have opened a £25,000 account with Accurate investment brokers and you are also interested in trading a CFD of a company called ABC Corp. ABC has produced an original new mobile phone that may result in the company becoming a market leader and cause their share price to rise. You expect to benefit from this opportunity. Like any skilled trader you decide to do a little analysis first.
You learned that ABC Corp share is trading at $5 per share. If you were to purchase 500 shares of stock, you would have to pay $2,500. At the same time, you discovered that an individual equity CFD that is based on 500 shares of ABC Corp share has a margin requirement, or requires a minimum deposit of 10%. This signifies that the outlay of the CFD is only $250.
Choosing a Position: When you trade shares, you speculate on one position only: can your stock go up. With CFDs, you can decide:
This effectively means that you enter the market hoping that the value of that particular equity (in this case, the ABC stock) will rise.
This means you enter the market hoping that the value of the individual equity will fall.
Since you anticipate that the share will rise, you choose to “go long” with a CFD in ABC stock. However, if before your order is carried out you find out information that causes you to believe that the price may fall, you may decide to go short in it place.
Using Leverage: Let’s assume the price of ABC moved from $5 to $7.25 per share. If you had purchased the 500 shares of stock, you would get $2.25 per share multiplied by 500 or $1,125. However, what would your income be with a CFD?
With share trading you had to use a big part to buy the shares, but since you bought the CFD using leverage, you now control a larger part of the contract for a portion of its real value. The leverage was 10:1 in this case. Even though you only put an initial sum of $250, you have still earned $1,125 before commissions. Your position with the CFD in the market was the same as if you purchased the stock — $1,125. Alternately, had the price moved against you the same distance, you would have incurred a loss of $1,125.
Individual Equities: These are the most common types of CFDs that are bought and sold. As you have seen in the previous example, individual equity CFDs gives you the chance to trade on the price activities of stock shares without the costs and limits usually associated with purchasing shares.
Stock Indices: Akin to individual equity CFDs, stock index CFDs allow individuals to speculate on the price movements of the stock market. With this type of CFD, an individual is trading a market segment (generally between 30 to 500 stocks), and not simply a share.
Commodities: A commodities-based CFD allows an individual to benefit from price movements on the future value of metals, like gold, oil, silver, platinum or other commodities for example cocoa, sugar and coffee.
Bonds and Interest Rates: Government bonds are looked upon as the most heavily traded financial futures tool. Interest rate futures are strongly linked to government bonds. With both of them, individuals can benefit from up and down price fluctuations and take or close a position without any restrictions on timeline.
Foreign Exchange (FOREX): With a forex CFD, one can trade 60 major and exotic currency pairs. Unlike the usual forex trade, the place you procure with your CFD is independent of daily rollovers. The position continues to be open at the value you trade at until any gain/loss is immediately credited/debited to your account.
Inflation: CFD inflation futures are a unique product solely from Accurate Investment Brokers that provides you the chance to reason on short to mid-term inflation rates and administer your own revelation to inflation.